Published On: Thu, Nov 7th, 2013

Thai Land Titles Explained

These Thai title documents are marked with a garuda or khrut. A garuda is a mythical bird-like creature used as the national symbol of Thailand. In many cases the color of the garuda can be used to determine what type of title document you are looking at.

Thai Land Titles ExplainedLand parcels represented by these Thai title documents can be mortgaged, leased, and sold.  Land owners can grant rights to third parties, such as the right of superficies (which allows someone else to build and own a building on the land for a period of time) or usufruct (which allows someone to work the land for a period of time).

Original copies of these documents are kept at the Land Department.  The Land Department annotates these deeds by attaching transaction records pertaining to the parcel.  This includes sales and mortgage records, and any rights the landowner grants to third parties, such as a long-term lease or the right of superficies.

Documents Showing Title to Land

Listed from Most Secure to Least Secure

Chanote (NS-4) – Title Deed

Nor Sor Sam Gor (NS-3K) – Confirmed Certificate of Use

Nor Sor Sam (NS-3) – Certificate of Use

Documents Merely Providing Evidence of Land Ownership

From Most Persuasive to Least Persuasive

Sor Kor 1 (SK-1) – Claim Certificate

Bai Jong (NS-2) – Preemption Certificate

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Thai Land Titles Explained