Fraud in Thailand
Under the Thai Criminal Code, the offense of cheating and fraud is committed if a person deceives another through assertion of any falsehood or by concealment of facts that should be disclosed or revealed in public. In order for the offender to obtain the property of the person so deceived or to cause the person deceived or a third person to execute, revoke or destroy an existing document that confers a right. Be aware of land scams in Thailand.
Generally, the offense of cheating and fraud is punishable with imprisonment of not more than three years or a fine of not more than 6,000 Baht or may be both. Always seek the assistance of a lawyer in criminal matters in Thailand. Nevertheless, if the offense of cheating and fraud is committed under the following circumstances, the penalty will be stiffer:
If the offense of cheating an fraud is committed by the offender pretending himself to be another person;
If the offense was committed by taking advantage of lack of intelligence of the deceived person who may be a child or a person with a weak mind;
Hence, if the offense is committed under any of the above mentioned circumstances, the penalty shall be an imprisonment for not more than 5 years or a fine of not more than 10,000 baht or both, at the discretion of the court.
If the offense of cheating and fraud is committed against ten or more persons, in order for the latter to work for the offender or another persons with intent not to pay the wages, or remuneration, or pay them with lower wages or remuneration than those agreed upon, the offender shall be punished with imprisonment for not more than three years or shall be fined to pay 6,000 Baht or may be both imprisonment and fine.
Under the same Thai Criminal Code, any person who orders or consumes a food or a drink or stays in a hotel, knowing that he has no capacity to pay for such shall be punished with imprisonment for a period not to exceed three months or a fine of not exceeding 500 Baht or both.
An offender shall be imprisoned for a period not to exceed two years or shall be ordered to pay a fine not exceeding 4,000 Baht or both if he induces another person to take the property of another person for himself or in favor of another person to the detriment of the former who was deceived because of his weak mind, or because he is a child who lacks intelligence, making him unable to understand the consequences of his actions that pertain to the disposal of his properties.
In Thailand, whoever maliciously cause danger to the insured property in order to obtain the benefits from such insurance policy shall also be punished under the Criminal Code of Thailand by an imprisonment for a period not to exceed five years or a fine of not more than 2,000 Baht or both.
The offense of cheating and fraud may lead to a criminal prosecution under the Criminal Code of Thailand or a civil prosecution under the Thai Civil and Commercial Code or it may lead to criminal and civil prosecution.
It must be remembered that fraud in Thailand, the offenses of cheating and fraud as above described are considered as a “compoundable offense”. Hence, being as such, the offense and its penalties may be compromised, at the discretion of the offended party. If you are in need of a criminal lawyer in Thailand then ensure you have a lawyer before you arrive at court.